Bihar has many places to visit. Some of the famous places are listed here.
Nalanda was a Renowned Buddhist university of higher learning from 427 CE to 1197 CE partly under the Pala Empire. The site of ruins from this great university is located in Nalanda district, about 55 miles south east of Patna. It has been called "one of the first great universities in recorded history. The first university that came up thereafter was in Balonia. That was much later - more than 500 years later. When Nalanda University was destroyed in the 12th century that was just about the time when Oxford University was getting established. University was destroyed by Bakhtiyar Khilji a military generals of Muslim ruler Qutb-ud-din Aybak in 1191. The Persian historian Minhaz, in his chronicle the Tabaquat-I-Nasiri, reported that thousands of monks were burned alive and thousands beheaded, and the burning of the library continÂ¬ued for several months and "smoke from the burning manuscripts hung for days like a dark pall over the low hills".
Recently an international effort has been made to revive Nalanda University with a consortium of India, Japan, China and Singapore. It was decided that Nalanda would largely be a post-graduate research university and the broader objective of the revived university will be "advancing the concept of an Asian community...and rediscovering old relationships." i,
Bodh Gaya is famous for being the most holy Buddhist site, where Buddha meditated under a Pipal tree, now known as Mahabodhi Temple, and attained attainment of nirvana (Enlightenment). The area was at the heart of a Buddhist civilization for centuries, until it was conquered by Turkish armies in the 12th century. In 2002, Mahabodhi Temple became a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Vishnupad temple a Hindu temple, dedicated to Lord Vishnu, where devotees pay homage to 40 cm long footprint believed to be of Lord Vishnu. This temple is located along the Falgu River in main Gaya town near Bodh Gaya.
Pawapuri is the sacred place for Jains. It is at this place that Lord Mahavira, twenty fourth Tirthankaras of Jains attained Moksha (Salvation from the endless cycle of life and death). After his cremation at this site, there was a great rush to collect his ashes, with the result that so much soil was removed from the place of his cremation that a pond was created. Later a beautiful marble temple was built in the middle of this pond called Jalmandir.
Kakolat: The Kakolat waterfall is hidden little wonder of nature, famous for cold water during summer. Situated at the border of Bihar and Jharkand state on the lush green kakolat hill, tourists throng this place to enjoy the scenic beauty and above all enjoy a splash in the enchanting waterfalls, particularly during summer. Below the fall there is a deep natural reservoir. The fall is approximately 160 feet in height. The scene is panoramic due to all-round green forest area. According to a legend a king was cursed by a rishi and had to take the shape of a python and lived here. The place was visited by Pandavs while in exilte. A big fair is organized on the occasion of Baisakhi and Chait Shankranti.
Vaishali is the birthplace of Lord Mahavira, the greatest profounder of Jainism. Also seen here is the world famous Ashoka Pillar, built by Emperor Asoka. It is made of a single piece of red sandstone with a life size lion carved at the top.